Empleo de personas con discapacidad: experiencia europea y formas de mejora en Ucrania

Autores/as

  • Oleg M. Yaroshenko Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University
  • Halia I. Chanysheva National University Odesa Law Academy
  • Nataliia O. Melnychuk Institute of Law of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • Kostiantyn Yu. Melnyk Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs
  • Yuliia Yu. Ivchuk Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University

Palabras clave:

Protección de los derechos, personas con discapacidad, Derechos laborales de los discapacitados, Derechos Humanos, empleo de personas con discapacidad

Resumen

De conformidad con las normas internacionales modernas de derechos humanos, se aprueba el concepto de igualdad de todas las personas en el ejercicio de sus derechos naturales. La garantía de los derechos de las personas con discapacidad indica directamente el nivel de desarrollo del país. El propósito de este artículo científico es determinar las normas teóricas y jurídicas que se derivan directamente de los actos legislativos del derecho nacional e internacional sobre la protección de los derechos laborales de las personas con discapacidad. Además, el análisis de los planteamientos jurídicos de la UE y de los Estados miembros sobre el empleo de las personas con discapacidad es también el objetivo de este artículo. El autor analiza la legislación ucraniana en esta esfera e identifica deficiencias jurídicas y prácticas, y formula sus propias recomendaciones para mejorarlas. Además, el artículo analiza los enfoques europeos para resolver el problema relevante; corrobora la opinión de que los enfoques de otros países europeos son más avanzados que los ucranianos.

Descargas

Los datos de descarga aún no están disponibles.

Referencias

Adamovych, N.: “Protection of labour rights of people with disabilities: The new law, but an old problem?”, 2022. Retrieved from: https://zmina.info/articles/zahyst-trudovyh-prav-lyudej-z-invalidnistyu-novyj-zakon-ta-stari-problemy/

Anns, O., Burov S., Azin V.O., Hrybalskyi Y.V. y Naida Yu.M.: Disability and society: Educational and methodological manual, Кyiv, Kubg, 2012,

Bouronikos, V.: “The Status of employment and disability in the EU in 2021”, 2021. Retrieved from: https://ied.eu/project-updates/the-status-of-employment-and-disability-in-the-eu-in-2021/

Council Directive, No. 2000/78/EC: “Establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation”, 2000. Retrieved from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A32000L0078

Department of Economic and Social Affairs of United Nations: “Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities”, 2006, Retrieved from: https://www.un.org/development/desa/disabilities/convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities/convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-2.html

Drobotun, V.: “EU Strategy for the Employment of People with Disabilities”, 2017. Retrieved from: https://www.prostir.ua/?news=stratehiya-es-schodo-pratsevlashtuvannya-lyudej-z-invalidnistyu

European Commission: “European Disability Strategy 2010-2020”, 2010. Retrieved from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM%3A2010%3A0636%3AFIN%3Aen%3APDF

European Commission: “Strategy for the rights of persons with disabilities 2021-2030”, 2021. Retrieved from: https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=738&langId=en&pubId=8376&furtherPubs=yes.

European Parliament, Council of the European Union y European Commission: “Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union”, Official Journal of the European Communities, núm. 43. Retrieved from: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf

European Parliament, Council of the European Union y European Commission: “Consolidated version of the treaty on the functioning of the European Union”, Official Journal of the European Union, núm. 55, 2012. Retrieved from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A12012E%2FTXT.

EU y Ukrainian Parliament: “Association Agreement between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part”, Official Journal of the European Union, 2014. Retrieved from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A22014A0529%2801%29.

Fesenko, O. y Lysiuk, V.: “Issues of safety of life and activity of low-mobility groups of the population”, Actual Problems of Life Safety, núm. 1, 2021.

General Assembly of United Nations: “Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Retrieved”, 1948. from: https://www.un.org/en/about-us/universal-declaration-of-human-rights.

Hnatiuk, M.: “Establishment of European standards of social protection of persons with disabilities in Ukraine”, European Integration Portal, 2019. Retrieved from: https://eu-ua.kmu.gov.ua/analityka/vstanovlennya-yevropeyskyh-standartiv-socialnoyi-zahyshchenosti-osib-z-invalidnistyu-v.

International Labour Organization: “Invalidity Insurance (Industry, etc.)”, Convention No. 37, 1933a. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_ILO_CODE:C037.

International Labour Organization: “Invalidity Insurance (Agriculture)”, Convention No. 38, 1933b. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_ILO_CODE:C038

International Labour Organization: “Employment Service”, Convention No. 88, 1948. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_ILO_CODE:C088

International Labour Organization: “Discrimination (Employment and Occupation)”, Convention No. 111, 1958. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_Ilo_Code:C111

International Labour Organization: “The Polish Labour Code”, 1974. Retrieved from: http://ilo.org/dyn/natlex/natlex4.detail?p_isn=45181.

International Labour Organization: “Human Resources Development”, Convention No. 142, 1975. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_ILO_CODE:C142

International Labour Organization: “Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (Disabled Persons)”, Convention No. 159, 1983. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312304

International Labour Organization: “Employment Promotion and Protection against Unemployment”, Convention No. 168, 1988. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=1000:12100:::NO:12100:P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312313

International Labour Organization: “Private Employment Agencies”, Convention No. 181, 1997. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312326

International Labour Organization: “Оn Promotion of Employment and on Labour Market Institutions”, 2004. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/natlex4.detail?p_isn=68870&p_lang=en

Krasnov, Ye.: Basic labor rights: International standards and legislation of Ukraine. Odesa: Odesa Law Academy, 2008.

Kuliieva, L.: “Priority directions of modern state policy in the sphere of social protection of disabled people”, Actual Problems of Public Administration, 2, 2014.

Kuznetsova, M.: “International legal mechanism for the protection of the rights of people with disabilities”, Legal Scientific Electronic Journal, 7, 2020.

Lecerf, M.: “Employment and disability in the European Union”, 2020. Retrieved from: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/BRIE/2020/651932/EPRS_BRI(2020)651932_EN.pdf

Office of the high commissioner of United Nations: General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI), International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966. Retrieved from: https://www.ohchr.org/en/instruments-mechanisms/instruments/international-covenant-civil-and-political-rights.

Office of the high commissioner of United Nations: “Declaration on Social Progress and Development”, 1969. Retrieved from: https://www.ohchr.org/sites/default/files/progress.pdf

Press service of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine: “Committee hearings on the topic: Problematic Issues of Legislative Regulation and Implementation of State Policy on Ensuring the Rights of Persons with Disabilities”, 2021. Retrieved from: https://www.rada.gov.ua/preview/anonsy_podij/214596.html.

Prokopchuk Y.: “International legal aspects of labour protection of disabled persons”, Journal of Kyiv University of Law, 3, 2009.

Pyshchulina, O.: Digital economy: Trends, risks and social determinants, Kyiv, Zapovit, 2020.

Sylenko, N.: “To the issue of international legal regulation of the protection of the rights of persons with disabilities at work”, Scientific Bulletin of Public and Private Law: a Collection of Scientific Papers, 6, 2016.

Tomashevski, K., y Yaroshenko, O.: “Problems of labour legislation codification in Belarus and Ukraine: History, current situation and prospects”, Transition Studies Review, 27 (2), 2020.

Triukhan, O. y Zanko, O.: “Legal mechanism for the protection of labor rights of persons with disabilities”, 2020. Retrieved from: http://baltijapublishing.lv/omp/index.php/bp/catalog/download/35/580/1188-1?inline=1.

Wapiennik, E.: Report on the employment of disabled people in European countries, 2007. Retrieved from: https://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/empl_portal/ede/PL%20employment%20%20report.pdf

World Health Organization: International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, 1980. Retrieved from: https://www.who.int/standards/classifications/international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health

Yaroshenko, O.M., Vapnyarchuk, N.M., Burnyagina, Y.М., Kozachok-Trush, N.V., y Mohilevskyi, L.V.: “Professional development of employees as the way to innovative country integration”, Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, 11(2), 2020.

Yaroshenko, O.M., Melnychuk, N.O., Moroz, S.V., Havrylova, O.O., y Yaryhina, Y.P.: “Features of remote work in Ukraine and the European Union: Comparative legal aspect”, Hasanuddin Law Review, 7(3), 2021.

Yefremova, I.: “Features of the definition of the international legal mechanism for the protection of private rights”, Economics, Finance, Law, 7(1), 2019.

Zwan R. y Beer P.: “The disability employment gap in European countries: What is the role of labour market policy?”, Journal of European Social Policy, 31(4), 2021.

LAW REFERENCES

Draft Law of Ukraine No. 5344-1: On amendments to certain laws of Ukraine on creating favorable conditions for the employment of persons with disabilities, 2021. Retrieved from: http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua/pls/zweb2/webproc4_1?pf3511=71675.

Law of Ukraine No. 322-08: “Labour Code of Ukraine”, 1971. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/322-08#Text

Law of Ukraine No. 875-XII: “On the Fundamentals of Social Protection of Persons with Disabilities in Ukraine”, 1991. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/875-12#Text.

Law of Ukraine No. 2694-XII: “On Labour Protection”, 1992. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2694-12#Text

Law of Ukraine No. 254k/96-VR: “Constitution of Ukraine”, 1996. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/254%D0%BA/96-%D0%B2%D1%80#Text.

Law of Poland No. 123-776: “On vocational and social rehabilitation and employment

disabled people”, 1997. Retrieved from: https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/download.xsp/WDU19971230776/U/D19970776Lj.pdf

Law of Ukraine No. 2961-IV: “On rehabilitation of persons with disabilities in Ukraine”, 2005. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2961-15#Text

Law of Ukraine No. 1767-VI: “On ratification of the convention on the rights of persons with disabilities and the optional protocol thereto”, 2010. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1767-17#Text.

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 285-p: “On Approval of the National Action Plan for the Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities until 2025”, 2021. Retrieved from: https://www.kmu.gov.ua/npas/pro-zatverdzhennya-nacionalnogo-pla-a285r.

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 366-p.: “On Approval of the National Strategy for the Creation of Barrier-Free Space in Ukraine for the period up to 2030”, 2021. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/366-2021-%D1%80#Text.

Publicado

27-03-2024

Número

Sección

Derecho Comparado y Derecho Extranjero en Seguridad Social y Materias Conexas

Cómo citar

Empleo de personas con discapacidad: experiencia europea y formas de mejora en Ucrania. (2024). Revista De Derecho De La Seguridad Social, Laborum, 38, 237-254. https://revista.laborum.es/index.php/revsegsoc/article/view/956

Artículos similares

1-10 de 752

También puede Iniciar una búsqueda de similitud avanzada para este artículo.

Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a